According to ancient Moroccan history, the country was founded by a man named Ma’awiya ibn Abd-al-Aziz in 788 AD. Ma’awiya was the great-grandson of the Prophet Muhammad and the son of the Caliph Abd-al-Malik. Ma’awiya’s mother was from the Berber tribe, which is why he is sometimes referred to as the “Berber Caliph.”
Ma’awiya was the governor of Syria when he decided to launch an expedition to conquer Morocco. He crossed the Mediterranean with a large army and landed in present-day Tangier. From there, he march south and defeated the local tribes. He then established the first Moroccan state, which was centered in the city of Volubilis.
Ma’awiya’s dynasty, the Idrisids, ruled Morocco for centuries. In the 11th century, the country was invaded by the Almoravids, a Berber dynasty from the Sahara Desert. The Almoravids ruled Morocco until they were replaced by the Almohads in the 12th century.
The Almohads were a Berber dynasty from Algeria. They conquered Morocco and made it their capital. The Almohad Caliph, Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur, built the city of Marrakech and made it his capital. The Almohads ruled Morocco until the 13th century when they were overthrown by the Marinids.
The Marinids were a Berber dynasty from present-day Algeria. They ruled Morocco from 1248 to 1465. During their rule, the Marinids built the city of Fez and made it their capital.
After the Marinids, the country was ruled by the Wattasids, a Moroccan dynasty of Arab origin. The Wattasids ruled Morocco from 1472 to 1554.
In 1554, Morocco was conquered by the Ottomans, a Turkish dynasty. The Ottomans ruled Morocco for more than three centuries. In 1912, Morocco became a French colony.
In 1956, Morocco became an independent country. The current king of Morocco is Mohammed VI.